Bhubaneshwar is the capital city of the state of Orissa and is also a major commercial and trading hub and a popular tourist destination in India. Popularly known as the ‘Temple City of India’, it is famous for a rich religious tradition and culture. Bhubaneshwar is home to a variety of temples and religious monuments of the ancient periods. Being the seat of Tribhubaneswar or 'Lord Lingaraj', Bhubaneswar is an important Hindu pilgrimage centre. Hundreds of temples dot the landscape of the Old Town, which once boasted of more than 2000 temples. Bhubaneswar is the place where temple building activities of Orissan style flowered from its very inception to its fullest culmination extending over a period of over one thousand years.
The new Bhubaneswar with its modern buildings and extensive infrastructure perfectly complements its historic surroundings. With facilities to cater to every type of visitor, Bhubaneswar makes an ideal tourist destination. This city is most renowned for changing the conqueror to the conquered. The great Kalinga War took place here between Emperor Asoka and Kalinga (the old empire of Orissa). Asoka was overwhelmed at the gory of blood that flowed like a river. Asokan inscriptions still stand testimony for this. Having merged its intriguing past so uniquely with its modern aspirations, it forms an integral link in the Golden Triangle that incorporates the holy city of Puri (Jagannath Temple) and Konark (Sun temple). The twin cave groups of Kandagiri and Udayagiri are evidence of the region's antiquity, dating to the 2nd century BC or the early Jain monastery.
The elements of Bhubaneswar economy ranges from agriculture, horticulture, sericulture, metal and minerals sector, engineering and agro-based industries to information technology enabled services as well as hand loom and tourism industry. Bhubaneswar Economy depends mainly on agriculture, sericulture, horticulture and IT industry. The development of these sectors and their further growth have led to the growth of other subsidiary sectors like Banking sector, metals and minerals industry. The growth of Tourism industry has led to the growth of Hotel industry. Bhubaneswar Economy is basically shaped by people who do not belong to Orissa. Of late the potential of this place has been realized by the big giants like Infosys, Balasore Alloys, Reliance Energy, Satyam, SAIL, NALCO, Tata Steel and many others. These are the companies who have invested the major stake in the Bhubaneswar economic structure after analyzing the potential of Bhubaneswar's market.
Bhubaneswar enjoys a typical tropical weather conditions. Summers arrive in March and lasts till May marked by extreme heat and humidity with temperature reaching over 40° C. The city experiences relief with the advent of south west monsoon in June and heavy downpour provides relief to the dry and rain starved environs. July and August are the two months that receive maximum rainfall. November is the most pleasant time when the city is blessed with soothing weather conditions. Winters usually set in the last week of November and last till January with temperature dropping to 15° C.
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